Sources Used for Coding


Alphabetical list of sources


24 Horas

A Capital

A Tarde, Brazil



AFP Interafrican News Survey

Africa Analysis, Britain

AfricAsia, France

Africa Confidential, Britain

Africa Economic Digest, Britain

Africa News, US

Africa Now, Britain

Africa Post

Africa Research Bulletin

Africa South, Zimbabwe

Africa Watch

African Business, Britain

African Bulletin, Zimbabwe

African Recorder/Chronicle, New Delhi

Agencia de Informacoes de Mozambique

Alem Mar, Portugal

ANC Weekly Newsbriefings

Angola and Namibia- Human Rights abuses in the border area

Angola Cronologia

Angola Information, Britain

Angola Observer, US

Angola Peace Monitor

Angola Press Agency

Angola: US Policy and Human Rights violations

Angop, Britain

Anop Cronologia

Anti-Apartheid News, Britain

Arms trade and violations of the war since the 1992 Elections

Associated Press

Awepaa News Bulletin, Netherlands


BBC Monitoring Report

Between war and peace, arms trade & violations

Business Day, SA

Cape Times, SA


Christian Science Monitor, US

Chronicle, Zimbabwe

Citizen, SA

Cm, Portugal

Communique de presse, Ambassade d'Angola, Belgium

Comunicado de Guerra, UNITA

Cronologia dos prinicipais acontecimentos, ANGOP

Dagens Nyheter, Sweden

Daily News, Tanzania

Daily Telegraph, Britain

Death in the desert: the Namibian tragedy

De Zeit, Germany

Diario de Leiria, Portugal

Diario de Lisboa, Portugal

Diario de Noticias, Portugal

Diario Economico, Portugal

Diario Popular, Portugal

Do Alvor a Lusaka


Efe, Spain

El Pais

Embaixada da Angola, Portugal


Expresso, Portugal

Facts and Reports

Folha 8, Angola

Financial Mail, SA

Financial Times, Britain

Guardian Weekly, Britain

Guardian, Britain

Guardian, US

Guy Lamb, Putting Belligerents in Context

Horace Campbell: The Siege of Cuito Cuanavale

Human Rights Watch

Independent, Britain

Independente, Portugal

International Herald Tribune

IPS Africa


Jane's Defense Weekly

Jornal de Angola

Jornal de Noticias, Portugal

Jornal o Dia, Luis Rodrigues, ISCTE Lisbon


La Republique, Algeria

LA Times

Le Matin, Morocco

Le Monde

Lisboa, Angola Chronologia


Lusa, O Seculo, Brazil, Angola Press Agency

Lusa, Portugal

Luxemburger Wort

Media Institute of Southern Africa

Military Communique from Battle Front in Angola

Mmegi, Botswana

MPLA War Communique


National Society for Human Rights, Windhoek

New African, Britain

New Era, Namibia

New Nation, SA

New York Times, US

News Bulletin, Armed forces for Liberation of Angola

Noticias, Mozambique

NRC Handelsblad, Holland

O Dia, Brazil

O Diario, Portugal

O Jornal, Portugal

O Seculo, Portugal

O Tempo, Brazil

Observer, Britain

Political Chronologies of the World by David Lea

Politico do Comite Central, Freeland of Angola

Portugal Hoje

Publico, Portugal

Radio Report (RR): AFP in French

RR: Angola Press Agency in Portuguese

RR: Angop in English

RR: Angop in French

RR: Capital Radio, Umtata

RR: Dar Es Salaam home service in English

RR: Havana home service

RR: Johannesburg in English

RR: Johannesburg home service in Afrikaans

RR: Johannesburg in English for abroad

RR: KUP in English (UNITA press)

RR: KUP in French

RR: Lisbon home service

RR: Lourenco Marques in Portuguese

RR: Luanda home service in Portuguese

RR: Maputo in Portuguese

RR: Pana

RR: Radio France Internacionale, Paris

RR: Radio Mozambique

RR: Radio Nacional de Angola

RR: Radio Renascence, Lisbon

RR: Radio South Africa

RR: Radiodifusao Portuguesa Internacional

RR: SABC Channel Africa, Johannesburg

RR: Tanjung

RR: Tass in English

RR: Televisao Popular de Angola

RR: Televisao Portuguesa Internacional

RR: VORGAN in Portuguese

Rand Daily Mail, SA

The Register, Britain


SA Report, June 1985

SABC-TV, Johannesburg

Semanario Angolense

Sempre Fixe, Portugal

Southern Africa Report, SA

SouthScan, Britain

Sowetan, SA

Star Weekly, SA

Star, SA

Sunday News, Tanzania

Sunday Times of Zambia

Tass, International Herald Tribune

The Mail, Britain

Times of Zambia

Times, Britain

UNITA War Communique

UNITA, Myth and Reality

UNITA: Comumicados de Guerra


Visão, Cape Verde


War Communique from FALA, CIDAC

War Crimes & other Atrocities, Namibia

Washington Post

Weekly Mail and Guardian, SA

West Africa, Britain

West Africa, Nigeria

White Paper on Acts of Aggression

Windhoek Advertiser, Namibia

Windhoek Observer, Namibia

Zambia Daily Mail